Background: Despite high prevalence and severity of complications, osteoporosis (OP) in Russia is still not recognised as a socially significant disease and there are no common standards for prevention of OP and associated fractures. The aim was to investigate the adherence of healthy females to prevention measures of OP and the affecting it factors to develop the principles governing the preventive strategy of OP.
Methods: The study is performed in Moscow Region (MR) in a form of a questionnaire survey in the population of adult healthy women aged >20 years old. The data are obtained using Questionnaires on osteoporosis prevention and The test of knowledge in the field of osteoporosis developed in Clinical Research Institution of Moscow Region named after M.F. Vladimirsky. Study comprised 1712 females living in MR aged of 20-87 years old, median 55.0 years [45.0; 44.0]. Taking into account the quality of the filling of questionnaires, data provided by 1631 women were included in the statistical analysis.
Results: It is established that 31% of female inhabitants of MR are engaged in OP prevention, using for this purpose mainly calcium-containing drugs (64.3%) and increased consumption of calcium in food (59.8%). 93% of these women get preventive therapy at their own expense, spending on them on the average 200 rub a month, and preventive medication has appeared more saving than non-pharmacological preventive measures. Socially active working women aged of 50-69 years old are motivated on prevention of OP better than others. Level of the OP awareness and undertaking DXA screening also directly influence adherence to OP prevention measures.
Conclusion: To increase the adherence to recommended osteoporosis prevention in women DXA screening and educational programs are effective, and so they must be the part of preventive strategy of OP in Russia.
Disclosure: The authors declared no competing interests.