ECTS Abstracts (2015) 1 P302

Prevalence of FRAX Clinical Risk Factors Dietary Calcium Intake Habits and Osteoporosis Screening in Rural Area Men

Sofoclis Bakides, George Sakellariadis, Charilila-Loukia Ververeli, Vasileios Kapagiannis, Panagiotis Georgakopoulos, Ilektra Oikonomopoulou & Angelos Charamis

Molaoi General Hosp., Lakonia, Greece.

Background: Worldwide, approximately one in five men aged 50 years or over will suffer an osteoporotic fracture. In rural Greek areas, access to the nearest DEXA facility combined with a very low male referral rate, make their osteoporosis burden assessment more difficult. Our aim was to estimate, for the first time in our area in men, the prevalence of FRAX clinical risk factors (FRF), calcium intake lifestyle habits and perform osteoporosis screening in 101 men, aged 50-84 years.

Methods: Our study was carried out in our municipality and included FRF evaluation by our trainees, BMD measurement with heel QUS and dairy calcium intake using a food frequency questionnaire.

Results: Mean age: 68,02 years, BMI: 27,52 kg/m2. We found that 1 and 2 out of 51 (aged 50-70) and 50 (aged over 70) men had T>-2,5. Accordingly, 34 (68%) aged 50-70, and 18 (36%) aged over 70, had T<-1. Also 3.9% and 68% had hip fracture probability over 3% without BMD for the age groups 50-70 years and over 70 years, respectively. Their average calcium intake from dairy products was 480 and 438 mg for the age groups 50-70 and over 70 years, respectively. Our results:

Age GroupHistory Of Hip FractureParent fractured hipSmokingAlcoholSecondary OsteoporosisNO FRF
50-70 N=515111515216
>=70 N=50311321126

Conclusions: In our study we found that the most common FRF are smoking and alcohol for the age group 50-70. Also secondary osteoporosis and parent fracture hip for the aged over 70. Their average calcium intake from dairy products is far from adequate but it is compensated partly from their Mediterranean diet habits. Further actions are necessary to tackle with this vastly underestimated and neglected health issue.

Disclosure: The authors declared no competing interests.